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The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Antique Forum with a Triumphal Procession 1670s - Jacob Van Der Ulft - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Antique Forum with a Triumphal Procession 1670s
Jacob Van Der Ulft
The Birth Of The Virgin 1525 - Albrecht Altdorfer - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Birth Of The Virgin 1525
Albrecht Altdorfer
Amerigo Vespucci 1454-1512 landing in America, engraved... - (after) Straet, Jan van der (Giovanni Stradano) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Amerigo Vespucci 1454-1512 landing in America, engraved...
(after) Straet, Jan van der (Giovanni Stradano)
Heaven and Hell - Julio de Mantua - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Heaven and Hell
Julio de Mantua
Christopher Columbus 1451-1506 on board his caravel... - Jan van der (Joannes Stradanus) Straet - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Christopher Columbus 1451-1506 on board his caravel...
Jan van der (Joannes Stradanus) Straet
Adam and Eve (The Fall of Man) - Albrecht Durer - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Adam and Eve (The Fall of Man)
Albrecht Durer
Allegory Of Spring   La Primavera - Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Allegory Of Spring La Primavera
Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi)
Female head (The Lady of the Dishevelled Hair) (or... - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Female head (The Lady of the Dishevelled Hair) (or...
Leonardo Da Vinci
Dance of Death 1493 - Michael Wolgemut - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Dance of Death 1493
Michael Wolgemut
The Last Supper 1498 - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Last Supper 1498
Leonardo Da Vinci
The Money Changer and his Wife, 1539 - Marinus van Roejmerswaelen - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Money Changer and his Wife, 1539
Marinus van Roejmerswaelen
Mona Lisa  Detail - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Mona Lisa Detail
Leonardo Da Vinci
Mars, Venus and Cupid - Jacopo d'Antonio Negretti (see Palma Vecchio) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Mars, Venus and Cupid
Jacopo d'Antonio Negretti (see Palma Vecchio)
Anatomical Study, illustration from De Humani Corporis... - Andreas Vesalius - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Anatomical Study, illustration from De Humani Corporis...
Andreas Vesalius
Adam and Eve 1524 - Hans Baldung Grien - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Adam and Eve 1524
Hans Baldung Grien
Mary Magdalen Repentant - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Mary Magdalen Repentant
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
Apollo Chasing Daphne 1681 - Carlo Maratti - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Apollo Chasing Daphne 1681
Carlo Maratti
Leda c. 1530 - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Leda c. 1530
Leonardo Da Vinci
The Lamentation over the Dead Christ c. 1490 - Andrea Mantegna - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Lamentation over the Dead Christ c. 1490
Andrea Mantegna
Allegory of Time Governed by Prudence 1565-70 - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Allegory of Time Governed by Prudence 1565-70
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
The Battle of Cascina, or The Bathers, after Michelangelo... - Aristotile da Sangallo - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Battle of Cascina, or The Bathers, after Michelangelo...
Aristotile da Sangallo
Altarpiece of Calvary c. 1534 - Bernaert van Orley - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Altarpiece of Calvary c. 1534
Bernaert van Orley
Venus and Cupid 1540 - Lorenzo Lotto - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Venus and Cupid 1540
Lorenzo Lotto
Italian Vipers Eating Toads, plate 60 from Venationes... - Jan van der (Joannes Stradanus) Straet - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Italian Vipers Eating Toads, plate 60 from Venationes...
Jan van der (Joannes Stradanus) Straet
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