The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Page 14 of 46   Paintings: 1095
Hazelnut Bush left and Cherry tree centre, Illustration... - Robinet Testard - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Hazelnut Bush left and Cherry tree centre, Illustration...
Robinet Testard
A Princess Of Saxony 1517 - Lucas The Elder Cranach - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Princess Of Saxony 1517
Lucas The Elder Cranach
Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels c. 1450 - Jean Fouquet - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels c. 1450
Jean Fouquet
Nativity (detail 1) 1490-95 - Francesco Di Giorgio Martini - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Nativity (detail 1) 1490-95
Francesco Di Giorgio Martini
Landscape drawing for Santa Maria della Neve on 5th... - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Landscape drawing for Santa Maria della Neve on 5th...
Leonardo Da Vinci
Adam (detail) 1524 - Hans Baldung Grien - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Adam (detail) 1524
Hans Baldung Grien
Coronation of the Virgin (Oddi Altarpiece) 1502-03 - Raphael - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Coronation of the Virgin (Oddi Altarpiece) 1502-03
Raphael
Danae and the Shower of Gold - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Danae and the Shower of Gold
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
Emperor Charles V at Muhlberg 1548 - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Emperor Charles V at Muhlberg 1548
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
St Sebastian - Marco Basaiti - www.renaissance-in-art.org
St Sebastian
Marco Basaiti
Madonna of the Pomegranate (Madonna della Melagrana) - Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Madonna of the Pomegranate (Madonna della Melagrana)
Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi)
Dante and Virgil Entering Purgatory 1499-1502 - Francesco Signorelli - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Dante and Virgil Entering Purgatory 1499-1502
Francesco Signorelli
Pallas and the Centaur c. 1482 - Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Pallas and the Centaur c. 1482
Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi)
The Creation of the Heavens (detail)  1508-12 - Michelangelo Buonarroti	 - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Creation of the Heavens (detail) 1508-12
Michelangelo Buonarroti
The Transfiguration - Raphael - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Transfiguration
Raphael
Amminadab (detail-1) 1511-12 - Michelangelo Buonarroti	 - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Amminadab (detail-1) 1511-12
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Husband and Wife 1523 - Lorenzo Lotto - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Husband and Wife 1523
Lorenzo Lotto
Angel With The Key To The Bottomless Pit - Albrecht Durer - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Angel With The Key To The Bottomless Pit
Albrecht Durer
Madonna of the Meadow (Madonna del prato) 1505 - Giovanni Bellini - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Madonna of the Meadow (Madonna del prato) 1505
Giovanni Bellini
Melancholy I - Albrecht Durer - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Melancholy I
Albrecht Durer
Achim - Eliud (detail-1) 1511-12 - Michelangelo Buonarroti	 - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Achim - Eliud (detail-1) 1511-12
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Portrait of Pope Clement IX  1669 - Carlo Maratti - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Portrait of Pope Clement IX 1669
Carlo Maratti
Portrait of Martin Luther 1521 - Hans Baldung Grien - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Portrait of Martin Luther 1521
Hans Baldung Grien
The Madonna and Child with Saints c. 1445 - Domenico Veneziano - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Madonna and Child with Saints c. 1445
Domenico Veneziano

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Page 14 of 46   Paintings: 1095