The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Page 14 of 46   Paintings: 1095
Dante and Virgil Entering Purgatory 1499-1502 - Francesco Signorelli - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Dante and Virgil Entering Purgatory 1499-1502
Francesco Signorelli
A New Plan of the City of London, Westminster and Southwark... - John Stow - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A New Plan of the City of London, Westminster and Southwark...
John Stow
St Sebastian - Marco Basaiti - www.renaissance-in-art.org
St Sebastian
Marco Basaiti
Life at the Court of Catherine de Medici 1519-89, 16th... - Jean or Johann Sadeler - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Life at the Court of Catherine de Medici 1519-89, 16th...
Jean or Johann Sadeler
The Madonna of Canon van der Paele 1436 - Jan Van Eyck - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Madonna of Canon van der Paele 1436
Jan Van Eyck
Flagellation Of Christ  1510 - Il Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Flagellation Of Christ 1510
Il Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi)
Portrait of Martin Luther 1521 - Hans Baldung Grien - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Portrait of Martin Luther 1521
Hans Baldung Grien
The Transfiguration - Raphael - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Transfiguration
Raphael
Annunciation (detail 1) 1472-75 - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Annunciation (detail 1) 1472-75
Leonardo Da Vinci
Venus and Mars c. 1483 - Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Venus and Mars c. 1483
Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi)
A Female Martyr c. 1510 - Bernardino Luini - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Female Martyr c. 1510
Bernardino Luini
Erasmus Of Rotterdam - Albrecht Durer - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Erasmus Of Rotterdam
Albrecht Durer
Achim - Eliud (detail-2) 1511-12 - Michelangelo Buonarroti	 - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Achim - Eliud (detail-2) 1511-12
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Danae and the Shower of Gold - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Danae and the Shower of Gold
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
Rape of Europa 1559-62 - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Rape of Europa 1559-62
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
Indians praying around a fire, engraving from Hariot's... - John White - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Indians praying around a fire, engraving from Hariot's...
John White
Altarpiece of St. Nicholas of Tolentino (detail of... - Raphael - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Altarpiece of St. Nicholas of Tolentino (detail of...
Raphael
Venus and Vulcan c. 1610 - Bartholomaeus Spranger - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Venus and Vulcan c. 1610
Bartholomaeus Spranger
Nativity (detail 1) 1490-95 - Francesco Di Giorgio Martini - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Nativity (detail 1) 1490-95
Francesco Di Giorgio Martini
The Battle of Anghiari (detail) 1503-05 - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Battle of Anghiari (detail) 1503-05
Leonardo Da Vinci
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus c. 1558 - Pieter the Elder Bruegel - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus c. 1558
Pieter the Elder Bruegel
Circe (or Melissa) c. 1520 - Dosso Dossi (Giovanni di Niccolo Luteri) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Circe (or Melissa) c. 1520
Dosso Dossi (Giovanni di Niccolo Luteri)
Adoration of the Child   1 - Francesco Francia - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Adoration of the Child 1
Francesco Francia
Vitruvian Man, Study of proportions, from Vitruvius's... - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Vitruvian Man, Study of proportions, from Vitruvius's...
Leonardo Da Vinci

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Page 14 of 46   Paintings: 1095