The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Page 14 of 46   Paintings: 1095
The Madonna of Canon van der Paele 1436 - Jan Van Eyck - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Madonna of Canon van der Paele 1436
Jan Van Eyck
Madonna of the Pomegranate (Madonna della Melagrana) - Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Madonna of the Pomegranate (Madonna della Melagrana)
Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi)
Anatomical Study, illustration from De Humani Corporis... - Andreas Vesalius - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Anatomical Study, illustration from De Humani Corporis...
Andreas Vesalius
The Four Social Conditions- Work - Jean Bourdichon - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Four Social Conditions- Work
Jean Bourdichon
Husband and Wife 1523 - Lorenzo Lotto - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Husband and Wife 1523
Lorenzo Lotto
The Conversion of Saul 1567 - Pieter the Elder Bruegel - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Conversion of Saul 1567
Pieter the Elder Bruegel
Wings of the Kaisheim Altarpiece 1502 - Hans, The Elder Holbein - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Wings of the Kaisheim Altarpiece 1502
Hans, The Elder Holbein
Emperor Charles V at Muhlberg 1548 - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Emperor Charles V at Muhlberg 1548
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
Portrait Of A Young Venetian Woman - Albrecht Durer - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Portrait Of A Young Venetian Woman
Albrecht Durer
Nativity (detail 1) 1490-95 - Francesco Di Giorgio Martini - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Nativity (detail 1) 1490-95
Francesco Di Giorgio Martini
The Transfiguration - Raphael - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Transfiguration
Raphael
Achim - Eliud (detail-1) 1511-12 - Michelangelo Buonarroti	 - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Achim - Eliud (detail-1) 1511-12
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Danae and the Shower of Gold - Tiziano Vecellio (Titian) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Danae and the Shower of Gold
Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
Hazelnut Bush left and Cherry tree centre, Illustration... - Robinet Testard - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Hazelnut Bush left and Cherry tree centre, Illustration...
Robinet Testard
Veins and Arteries system - Andreas Vesalius - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Veins and Arteries system
Andreas Vesalius
Dante and Virgil Entering Purgatory 1499-1502 - Francesco Signorelli - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Dante and Virgil Entering Purgatory 1499-1502
Francesco Signorelli
Portrait of Ludovico Capponi 1551 - Agnolo Bronzino - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Portrait of Ludovico Capponi 1551
Agnolo Bronzino
The Madonna and Child with Saints c. 1445 - Domenico Veneziano - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Madonna and Child with Saints c. 1445
Domenico Veneziano
Adam (detail) 1524 - Hans Baldung Grien - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Adam (detail) 1524
Hans Baldung Grien
Birds Eye View Of Sea Coast - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Birds Eye View Of Sea Coast
Leonardo Da Vinci
Portrait of Pope Clement IX  1669 - Carlo Maratti - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Portrait of Pope Clement IX 1669
Carlo Maratti
Pallas and the Centaur c. 1482 - Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Pallas and the Centaur c. 1482
Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi)
Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels c. 1450 - Jean Fouquet - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels c. 1450
Jean Fouquet
Young Woman Holding a Mirror (Giovane alla Specchio) - Giovanni Bellini - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Young Woman Holding a Mirror (Giovane alla Specchio)
Giovanni Bellini

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Page 14 of 46   Paintings: 1095