The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Page 3 of 92   Paintings: 1095
Venus and Cupid 1540 - Lorenzo Lotto - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Venus and Cupid 1540
Lorenzo Lotto
A Blonde Woman - Jacopo d'Antonio Negretti (see Palma Vecchio) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Blonde Woman
Jacopo d'Antonio Negretti (see Palma Vecchio)
The Rape of Proserpine, c.1573 - Christoph Schwartz or Schwarz - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Rape of Proserpine, c.1573
Christoph Schwartz or Schwarz
Anatomical Study, illustration from De Humani Corporis... - Andreas Vesalius - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Anatomical Study, illustration from De Humani Corporis...
Andreas Vesalius
Altarpiece of Calvary c. 1534 - Bernaert van Orley - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Altarpiece of Calvary c. 1534
Bernaert van Orley
David and Goliath (detail-1) 1509 - Michelangelo Buonarroti	 - www.renaissance-in-art.org
David and Goliath (detail-1) 1509
Michelangelo Buonarroti
The Mocking of Christ 1503 - Matthias Grunewald (Mathis Gothardt) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Mocking of Christ 1503
Matthias Grunewald (Mathis Gothardt)
A Christian Allegory - Jan Provost - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Christian Allegory
Jan Provost
Dam Square, Amsterdam, 1659 - Jacob Van Der Ulft - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Dam Square, Amsterdam, 1659
Jacob Van Der Ulft
Dance of Apollo with the Nine Muses - Baldassare Peruzzi - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Dance of Apollo with the Nine Muses
Baldassare Peruzzi
Last Supper (copy) 16th century - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Last Supper (copy) 16th century
Leonardo Da Vinci
Hermes and Athena c. 1585 - Bartholomaeus Spranger - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Hermes and Athena c. 1585
Bartholomaeus Spranger

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Page 3 of 92   Paintings: 1095