The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Page 5 of 92   Paintings: 1095
Allegory of Vice and Virtue - Antoon Claeissens - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Allegory of Vice and Virtue
Antoon Claeissens
The Ghent Altarpiece- Virgin Mary (detail) 1426-29 - Jan Van Eyck - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Ghent Altarpiece- Virgin Mary (detail) 1426-29
Jan Van Eyck
Dissected human body 1543 - Andreas Vesalius - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Dissected human body 1543
Andreas Vesalius
Pietà - Il Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Pietà
Il Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi)
Danse Macabre 3 - Bernt Notke - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Danse Macabre 3
Bernt Notke
Crucifixion, 1525 - Joos Van Cleve (Beke) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Crucifixion, 1525
Joos Van Cleve (Beke)
A Betrothal - Jacopo Del Sellaio - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Betrothal
Jacopo Del Sellaio
Grape Vine Vitis Vinifera botanical plate from De Historia... - Anonymous Artist - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Grape Vine Vitis Vinifera botanical plate from De Historia...
Anonymous Artist
Ferdinand Magellan c.1480-1521 on board his caravel... - Jan van der (Joannes Stradanus) Straet - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Ferdinand Magellan c.1480-1521 on board his caravel...
Jan van der (Joannes Stradanus) Straet
Giant Crossbow - Leonardo Da Vinci - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Giant Crossbow
Leonardo Da Vinci
Eskimo (Inuit) Woman and Baby - John White - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Eskimo (Inuit) Woman and Baby
John White
Abutilon Theophrasti, or Velvet Leaf, illustration... - Robinet Testard - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Abutilon Theophrasti, or Velvet Leaf, illustration...
Robinet Testard

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Page 5 of 92   Paintings: 1095