The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1095
An Old Man and His Grandson c. 1490 - Domenico Ghirlandaio - www.renaissance-in-art.org
An Old Man and His Grandson c. 1490
Domenico Ghirlandaio
Ognissanti Madonna (Madonna in Maesta) c. 1310 - Giotto Di Bondone - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Ognissanti Madonna (Madonna in Maesta) c. 1310
Giotto Di Bondone
The School of Athens (from the Stanza della Segnatura)... - Raphael - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The School of Athens (from the Stanza della Segnatura)...
Raphael
A Burrfish - John White - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Burrfish
John White
Hercules and the Hydra c. 1475 - Antonio Pollaiolo - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Hercules and the Hydra c. 1475
Antonio Pollaiolo
The Virgin Mary - Pietro di Giovanni D`Ambrogio - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Virgin Mary
Pietro di Giovanni D`Ambrogio
Isenheim Altarpiece (third View) 1515 - Matthias Grunewald (Mathis Gothardt) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Isenheim Altarpiece (third View) 1515
Matthias Grunewald (Mathis Gothardt)
Les tres riches heures du Duc de Berry- Juillet (July)... - Jean Limbourg - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Les tres riches heures du Duc de Berry- Juillet (July)...
Jean Limbourg
The Last Supper 1542 - Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo da Ponte) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Last Supper 1542
Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo da Ponte)
Vanitas (Memento Mori) 1502-03 - Master M Z - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Vanitas (Memento Mori) 1502-03
Master M Z
The Transfiguration of Christ 1520 - Gerard David - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Transfiguration of Christ 1520
Gerard David
Amazon Indian, engraved by Theodore de Bry (1528-98) - John White - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Amazon Indian, engraved by Theodore de Bry (1528-98)
John White

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1095