The Renaissance (French for "rebirth"; Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere "be born") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".

There is a general, but not unchallenged, consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

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Page 7 of 92   Paintings: 1095
Amazon Indian, engraved by Theodore de Bry (1528-98) - John White - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Amazon Indian, engraved by Theodore de Bry (1528-98)
John White
The Last Supper 1542 - Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo da Ponte) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Last Supper 1542
Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo da Ponte)
A Castle Yard 1546 - Augustin Hirschvogel - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Castle Yard 1546
Augustin Hirschvogel
Leda and the Swan   1 - Michelangelo Buonarroti	 - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Leda and the Swan 1
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Henry VIII (1491-1547) - Joos Van Cleve (Beke) - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Henry VIII (1491-1547)
Joos Van Cleve (Beke)
The Colosseum in Rome 1564 - Antonio Lafreri - www.renaissance-in-art.org
The Colosseum in Rome 1564
Antonio Lafreri
An Amputation, illustration from Feldtbuch der Wundartzney... - Hans or Johannes Ulrich Wechtlin - www.renaissance-in-art.org
An Amputation, illustration from Feldtbuch der Wundartzney...
Hans or Johannes Ulrich Wechtlin
Pietà (detail) 1472 - Giovanni Bellini - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Pietà (detail) 1472
Giovanni Bellini
A Choir of Angels 1459 - Simon Marmion - www.renaissance-in-art.org
A Choir of Angels 1459
Simon Marmion
12 Members of the Haarlem Brotherhood of Jerusalem... - Jan Van Scorel - www.renaissance-in-art.org
12 Members of the Haarlem Brotherhood of Jerusalem...
Jan Van Scorel
Three Ages Of The Woman And The Death 1510 - Hans Baldung Grien - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Three Ages Of The Woman And The Death 1510
Hans Baldung Grien
Battista Sforza - Francesco Laurana - www.renaissance-in-art.org
Battista Sforza
Francesco Laurana

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Page 7 of 92   Paintings: 1095